Proteins   Types and Functions of Proteins Proteins perform many essential physiological functions, including catalyzing…

Amino Acids An amino acid contains an amino group, a carboxyl group, and an R…

Equilibrium

Equilibrium   Chemical equilibrium is the state in which the forward reaction rate and the…

Catalysis Heterogeneous Catalysis Heterogeneous catalysis is a type of catalysis in which the catalyst occupies…

Reaction Rates

Reaction Rates Measuring Reaction Rates Reaction rates are determined by observing the changes in the…